The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has upheld its 2009 decision that airlines must pay compensation to passengers who are delayed by three hours or more. The ruling defeats a joint legal challenge made by several international carriers, however, delays resulting “extraordinary circumstances,” which are beyond an airline’s control are exempt from
compensation. For example, these would surely include delays caused by extreme bad weather, air traffic system failures, security incidents and volcanic ash clouds.
The compensation payable to passengers depends on the length of their flight
and has a ceiling of €600 (US$776).