The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has released the results of an opinion poll aimed at researching people’s willingness to travel being tempered by concerns over the risks of catching COVID-19 during air travel.
The 11-country survey, which was conducted during the first week of June 2020, assessed traveller concerns during the pandemic and the potential timelines for their return to travel. This was the third edition of the survey, with the two previous ones conducted at the end of February and the beginning of April. IATA said all those surveyed had taken at least one flight since July 2019.
Concerns for Travel During COVID-19
The results of the poll show that travellers are taking precautions to protect themselves from COVID-19 with 77% saying that they are washing their hands more frequently, 71% avoiding large meetings and 67% having worn a facemask in public. Some 58% of those surveyed said that they have avoided air travel, with 33% suggesting that they will avoid travel in future as a continued measure to reduce the risk of catching COVID-19.
Travellers identified their top three concerns as follows:
|At the Airport||On Board Aircraft|
|1. Being in a crowded bus/train on the way to the aircraft (59%)||1. Sitting next to someone who might be infected (65%)|
|2. Queuing at check-in/security/border control or boarding (42%)||2. Using restrooms/toilet facilities (42%)|
|3.Using airport restrooms/toilet facilities (38%)||3. Breathing the air on the plane (37%)|
The figures showed that when asked to rank the top three measures that would make them feel safer, 37% cited COVID-19 screening at departure airports, 34% agreed with mandatory wearing of facemasks and 33% noted social distancing measures on aircraft.
Passengers themselves displayed a willingness to play a role in keeping flying safe by:
Undergoing temperature checks (43%)
Wearing a mask during travel (42%)
Checking-in online to minimise interactions at the airport (40%)
Taking a COVID-19 test prior to travel (39%)
Sanitising their seating area (38%).
Alexandre de Juniac, IATA’s director general and CEO, commented: “People are clearly concerned about COVID-19 when travelling. But they are also reassured by the practical measures being introduced by governments and the industry under the Take-off guidance developed by ICAO. These include mask-wearing, the introduction of contactless technology in travel processes and screening measures. “This tells us that we are on the right track to restoring confidence in travel. But it will take time. To have maximum effect, it is critical that governments deploy these measures globally.”
IATA also believes that the survey also pointed to some key issues in restoring confidence where the industry will need to communicate the facts more effectively. Travellers’ top on board concerns include:
Cabin air quality: Travellers have not made up their minds about cabin air quality. While 57% of them believed that air quality is dangerous, 55% also responded that they understood that it was as clean as the air in a hospital operating theatre. IATA reiterated that the quality of air in modern aircraft is, in fact, far better than most other enclosed environments. It is exchanged with fresh air every 2-3 minutes, whereas the air in most office buildings is exchanged 2-3 times per hour. Moreover, High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filters capture well over 99.999% of germs, including the Coronavirus.
Social distancing: Governments advise to wear a mask (or face covering) when social distancing is not possible, as is the case with public transport. IATA said this aligns with the expert ICAO Take-off guidance. Additionally, while passengers are sitting in close proximity on board, the cabin air flow is from ceiling to floor. It said this limits the potential spread of viruses or germs backwards or forwards in the cabin. There are several other natural barriers to the transmission of the virus on board, including the forward orientation of passengers (limiting face-to-face interaction), seatbacks that limit transmission from row-to-row, and the limited movement of passengers in the cabin.
Mr de Juniac added: “There is no requirement for social distancing measures on board the aircraft from highly respected aviation authorities such as the US Federal Aviation Administration, the European Union Aviation Safety Agency or ICAO.
“It is no secret that passengers have concerns about the risk of transmission onboard. They should be reassured by the many built-in anti-virus features of the air flow system and forward-facing seating arrangements. On top of this, screening before flight and facial coverings are among the extra layers of protection that are being implemented by industry and governments on the advice of ICAO and the World Health Organization. No environment is risk free, but few environments are as controlled as the aircraft cabin. And we need to make sure that travellers understand that.”
No Quick Solution
The study also showed that while nearly half (45%) of those surveyed said that they would return to travel within a few months of the pandemic subsiding, that figure represents a significant drop from the 61% recorded in IATA’s April survey. Overall, IATA felt that the survey results demonstrate that people have not lost their taste for travel, but there are blockers to returning to pre-crisis levels of travel:
- A majority of travellers surveyed plan to return to travel to see family and friends (57%), to vacation (56%) or to do business (55%) as soon as possible after the pandemic subsides.
- But 66% said that they would travel less for leisure and business in the post-pandemic world.
- And 64% indicated that they would postpone travel until economic factors improved (personal and broader).
Mr de Juniac noted: “This crisis could have a very long shadow. Passengers are telling us that it will take time before they return to their old travel habits. Many airlines are not planning for demand to return to 2019 levels until 2023 or 2024. Numerous governments have responded with financial lifelines and other relief measures at the height of the crisis. As some parts of the world are starting the long road to recovery, it is critical that governments stay engaged. Continued relief measures like alleviation from use-it-or-lose it slot rules, reduced taxes or cost reduction measures will be critical for some time to come.”
IATA continues to emphasise that one of the biggest blockers to industry recovery is quarantine. Some 85% of those surveyed reported concerns about being quarantined while travelling, which is a similar number to those who said they had general concerns about catching the virus when travelling (84%). Also, according to the survey, among the list of measures that passengers were willing to undertake in adapting to travel during or after the pandemic, only 17% said that they were will willing to undergo quarantine.
Mr de Juniac concluded: “Quarantine is a demand killer. Keeping borders closed prolongs the pain by causing economic hardship well beyond airlines. If governments want to re-start their tourism sectors, alternative risk-based measures are needed. Many are built into the ICAO Take-off guidelines, like health screening before departure to discourage symptomatic people from travelling. Airlines are helping this effort with flexible rebooking policies. In these last days we have seen the UK and the EU announce risk-based calculations for opening their borders. And other countries have chosen testing options. Where there is a will to open up, there are ways to do it responsibly.”